José Bento Renato Monteiro Lobato (Taubaté, April 18, 1882 - São Paulo, July 4, 1948) was one of the most influential Brazilian writers of the twentieth century. He was the "forerunner" of Brazilian children's literature and was popularly known for the educational as well as entertaining set of his children's book work, which would be approximately half of his literary production. The other half, consisting of countless delightful tales (usually about Brazilian themes), articles, reviews, prefaces, a book about the importance of oil and iron, and a single novel, The Black President, which did not reach the same popularity as his children's works.
At a time when Brazilian books were published in Paris or Lisbon, Monteiro Lobato also became a publisher, starting to edit books also in Brazil. With that, he implemented a series of renovations in textbooks and children's books.
This remarkable writer is well known among children as he devoted himself to a simple language writing style where reality and fantasy are side by side. It can be said that he was the forerunner of children's literature in Brazil.
Her best known characters are: Emilia, a rag doll with independent feeling and ideas; Pedrinho, character that the author identifies as a child; Viscount Sabugosa, the wise ear of corn that has the attitude of adult, Cuca, villain that terrifies everyone of the site, Saci Pererê and other characters that are part of the unforgettable work: The Sítio do Pica-Pau Amarelo, which still enchants many kids and adults.
He also wrote other amazing children's works, such as: The Girl with the Snub Nose, The Saci, Fables of the Marquis of Rabicó, Adventures of the Prince, Nose Engagement, Pirlimpim's Dust, Nose Reigns, The Petty Hunts, Emilia Grammar, Memories of Emilia, The Viscount's Well, The Yellow Woodpecker and The Size Key.
Apart from the children's books, this Brazilian writer wrote other literary works, such as: The Shock of the Races, Urupês, The Barge of Gleyre and the Oil Scandal. In this last book, it demonstrates all its nationalism, positioning itself totally favorable to the exploration of oil only by Brazilian companies.
In 1948, Brazil lost this great talent that contributed so much to the development of our literature.