Barack Obama, first black president of the United States, elected in November 2008.
Barack Hussein Obama Jr. is an American politician, elected president of the United States in November 2008, is the first black to gain command of the country.
Barack Hussein Obama Jr. was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4, 1961. Son of Ann Dunham (white woman born in Kansas) and Barack Obama (black man born in Kenya),
When little Obama was 2, his parents divorced. His father joined Harvard University and, upon completion, returns to Kenya. In 1982, Barack Obama (father) died in a car accident.
Barack Hussein Obama Jr. spent part of his childhood in Hawaii and Indonesia, where his mother moved after divorcing her father and remarrying. At age ten, however, the boy returned to Hawaii, where he lived under the care of his maternal grandparents.
He attended Occidental College of Los Angeles, a preparatory school, which allowed him to enter Columbia University in New York, where he earned a bachelor's degree in political science in 1985. After a brief stay in Chicago, he joined Harvard Law School, finishing his Doctorate. in 1991. At Harvard, Obama was president of the Harvard Law Review (a kind of monthly newspaper for academics). It went down in history because it was the first black man to become president of the Harvard Law Review.
Working at a law firm in Chicago where he met his wife, Michelle Robinson. Obama and Michelle were married in 1992 and had two daughters, Malia, born in 1999, and Sasha, born in 2001.
His political career began in 1997, when, by the Democratic Party, he became Illinois State Senator, a position he held until 2004. He was elected to the US Congress that same year, mainly because he was against the invasion of Iraq.
In previous Democrats, he ran against former first lady and current Senator Hillary Clinton. Realizing Obama's rise, Clinton gave up the vacant presidential candidate and declared support for Barack Obama.
Obama bet on the dissatisfaction of the population with the politics of the current president George W. Bush. In his speeches, his concern about the health system is clear, he is in favor of ending the Iraq war and the use of diplomacy with Iran, and he is in favor of nuclear disarmament.
In November, Obama beat the contestant and was elected the 44th president of the United States, being hailed as the first black to rule the country. But Obama himself makes it clear that this racial issue is secondary. In his words: "There is not a black America and a white America and a Latin America and an Asian America. There is the United States of America."
To his supporters, Obama is a unique and stimulating politician like President John F. Kennedy, and he undoubtedly exhibits a Kennedy-like charisma. On the other hand, his opponents accuse him of being nothing more than an eloquent orator, of naive ideas and economic policies that tend toward socialism.
There is also talk of Obama's inexperience, particularly in tense international issues such as the US role in Iraq. To compensate for this, Vice President Joe Biden, a Delaware senator, has been selected as one of the longest-running politicians in the US Congress with six Senate terms.