Mineral extractivism is characterized by the exploitation of underground mineral resources such as gold, manganese, diamond, bauxite, iron ore, mineral water, petroleum, copper, cobalt, uranium, silver, among many others.
Mineral extractivism is characterized by the drastic alteration of the environment where it is performed. Its purpose is direct or indirect use.
He is direct when, as in the case of mineral water, the extracted mineral product is used in its natural form. It is considered indirect, which is what happens in the extraction of most minerals, when the extracted product is destined for industries to undergo transformation, which will give rise to products with higher added value. Extraction technology can also range from simple to more complex.
This type of extractivism, largely responsible for the degradation of nature and at the same time sustaining most industrial development and the advancement of social welfare, is undoubtedly one of the most important activities in the world today.
Mining Extraction - Environmental Degradation
Mineral extractivism in Brazil is an important source of resources for the country's economy, as Brazil is one of the largest ore exporters in the world.
Due to its extensive territory, Brazil enjoys a wide variety of natural resources for domestic use and foreign trade. However, the country is not self sufficient at all and in some cases also needs to purchase such types of products.
One of the criticisms made of mineral extraction in Brazil is that we sell ore to buy the product that is manufactured with it, thus losing the possibility of using the mineral resource in the national territory to sell it with higher added value.
Map of mineral deposits in Brazil