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The story

Summary - Eastern Antiquity summary - Hebrews


Location

- Near to Egypt;
- Region of Palestine;

Characteristics

- Current Israel;
- Grazing and agriculture (Jordan banks);
- Ownership of initially collective land - private (aristocracy);
- Social pyramid formed by the royal family, farmers and priests at the top, below them the merchants and bureaucrats, and below supporting the society the shepherds, peasants and slaves.

Culture

- Monotheistic Religion;
- Writing - Aramaic;

Palestinian Political Evolution

- Age of the Patriarchs:
- Establishment of the Hebrews;
- Abraham 1st patriarch from Ur;
- Isaac and Jacob - 12 sons - 12 Hebrew tribes;
- Exodus to Egypt (Philistines and Canaanites) - Hyksian invasions;
- Enslavement of the Hebrews;
- Hebrew Exodus headed by Moses;
- 40 years in the desert;
- 10 Commandments;
- Arrival in Palestine with Joshua;
- It was from the Judges;
- Dispute with the Philistines for Palestine;
- Appointment of judges to lead the 12 tribes;
- Samuel (greatest leader);
- Unity in the monarchy;
- Era of the monarchy:
- Saul 1st monarch;
- David - conquest of Jerusalem;
- Solomon - state commerce and wealth;
- Construction of temples;
- Passover, Pentecost, Sebat;
- Taxes;
- Death of Solomon;
- End of Hebrew unit;

Hebrew schism

- Dispute over Solomon's succession;
- Kingdom of Israel;
- Kingdom of Judah;
- 721a.C. - Assyrians conquer Israel;
- 586a.C. - Babylonians conquer Judah;
- 539a.C. - liberation by the Persians;
- Hebrew Diaspora:
- Greek-Macedonian and later Roman domain;
- Destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD;
- 1948 - State of Israel;